Boeing’s Red Barn at the Museum of Flight in Seattle Washington
Saturday I traveled to the Museum of Flight in Seattle with my wife and daughter. I detailed the antique power tools and history of the Red Barn in Part 1. At the dawn of aviation airplanes were made of wood, canvas, and wire by very skilled craftsman working to strict tolerances. The Red Barn is full of power tools, and this post continues the story describing the hand tools and some of the finished projects. It’s a great shop with wooden floors, wooden ceilings, and lots of windows.
The Antique Hand Tools at Boeing’s Red Barn
The first hand tool anyone needs can’t be held in the hand at all. It’s a good bench. There were plenty of benches in the space with the original tops, but the bases were replicas. The benches didn’t seem to have vises, bench dog holes, or tool trays. These were work surfaces, and not really proper benches for a jointer or cabinet maker.
Here’s one of the benches, with my wife and daughter in front of it. This was one of the few benches we could get close to, so many things were behind barriers.
Another bench notice the bolt on the front edge. All these tools were unfortunately fastened down, or that chisel would have walked out with me. Those old miter saws have been popular lately. Clearly a replacement base on this bench.
Here’s a picture showing the contents of a toolbox at the shop. Again, everything tacked down and can’t be removed from the box. I may build this box some day, but on a bigger scale and with some more purpose-built storage. Part of me wonders if these tools were really used in the barn, or if it’s just a random collection from a flea market.
The Boeing Model C
The plaque at the entrance of the Barn states that this workshop is where 56 of the the Boeing Model C’s were built. From the Boeing website:
The Model C two-place training seaplane was the first “all-Boeing” design and the company’s first financial success.
A total of 56 C-type trainers were built. Fifty-five used twin pontoons. The Model C-1F had a single main pontoon and small auxiliary floats under each wing and was powered by a Curtiss OX-5 engine.
The Navy bought 51 of the Model C trainers, including the C-1F, and the Army bought two landplane versions with side-by-side seating, designated the EA.
The final Model C was built for William Boeing and called the C-700 (the last Navy plane had been Navy serial number 699). Boeing and Eddie Hubbard flew the C-700 on the first international mail delivery from Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, to Seattle, Wash., on March 3, 1919.
Every Plane Needs a Propeller
Wooden props start out going through the standard power stock preparation steps on the power tools: joint a face, joint an edge, plane the faces parallel and to a uniform thickness, then rip to width. The square and flat boards are then laminated together to create propeller stock. The stock is then cut in the shape of a propeller, but it won’t provide much thrust until it is shaped.
After cutting to shape on the band saw, the propeller is starting to take shape but the complex curves need to be done by hand and perfectly balanced.
A series of cuts into the face of the propeller help the worker add the proper shape to the blades. Here’s a propeller in progress. There wasn’t detail in how the material was removed down to the cuts but I imagine a mallet and chisel was used, followed by some planing and scraping. Behind and to the left you can see a partial wooden airframe. If you don’t balance the the prop correctly, it will pull itself apart and destroy the engine.
Every workshop needs sawhorses, but these were used as barrier, keeping me from getting close to the Model C airframe.
Every shop needs saw horses. These were really just setup as barriers keeping me away from the frame.
And here’s the airframe. Primarily constructed of wood with some steel (no armor) and steel cable to tension the lightweight frame.
Furniture and Flying Machines
These men didn’t build furniture, they built flying machines with simple power and hand tools. During World War I they work protected by armed guards. They helped build an industry and change the world, but I’m not sure they knew it at the time. I imagine a shop with very little machine noise; just the sound of planes whistling through wood, the occasional mallet strike, and friendly chatter between coworkers – focused on the work at hand.
Modern woodworkers focus on furniture and design, these men focused on engineering and the newly discovered laws of flight. After this tour I’m more interested in machines made of wood, if you are aware of contemporary woodworkers building machines from wood (or mixed materials), please post a link in your comment.